側向或內側失衡是相當常見的,並且蹄荷載不均勻的症狀。正確對待他們,了解原因是很重要的。負荷取決於馬的構象和肌肉影響,結果往往是相當可預測的。腳趾傾向於朝著內側側麵閃光,同時挖掘出來,產生衝到橫向側麵的蹄子。常見趨勢的例外通常是在過去經曆過一些創傷的馬匹,這會影響構象和/或肌肉健康,從而負荷。

Although flaring is often identified from the front or back of the hooves with the horse standing on level ground, it can also be seen in the angles of the collateral grooves. One collateral groove usually has a steeper angle than the other and the one with the shallower angle is the side that normally flares.

Hoof form responds primarily to load from above and hooves are rarely (if ever) loaded evenly. Typically one side makes ground contact first before the other side “touches down.” The side that is loaded last is the side that tends to flare more. This is easily observed by walking a horse on a level surface. Closely watch how the hooves become loaded as the horse walks towards you. The more flared side is usually the side that needs additional trimming, while the first loaded side is often close to the right height.

頻繁的修剪對於將這些不平衡保持在最小平衡的蹄子對馬匹具有有益的關鍵是至關重要的,並且允許適當的蹄靴合適。它對自然閃光的蹄子更加令人焦慮,這種蹄子具有斷開的牆壁增長,這導致過度耀斑。蹄形狀/喇叭喇叭可根據個人蹄傾向傾向而異。不健康的蹄子,具有斷開連接的牆體增長,在主要負載側麵也將在主要負載側具有更多壁/白線分離。

白線分離的緯度eral, more loaded side of the left front.

Equine side dominance with conformational traits like chest or pelvis width and leg length influence hoof load too. The non-dominant leg tends to get pulled in more toward the midline, thanks to stronger adductor (chest) muscles and weaker abductor (lateral shoulder/upper arm) muscles. This is very common in horses, especially in undeveloped horses. The wider the chest and shorter the leg, the more the lateral edge of the hoof becomes loaded. In extreme cases, this can cause rolling under (collapsing) of the primary loaded hoof side.

It can also be seen in horses whose hind legs are wide in the hocks and narrow at the hooves (base narrow). I see this particular issue more frequently in minis and halter type Quarter Horses due to their conformational tendencies. Proper muscle development that results in even strength on both sides of the body is the only way to effectively address this issue as it encourages more even hoof load. Most horses seem to be right sided, some are left sided and some are more ambidextrous, just like humans are. The ambidextrous horses tend to naturally have more evenly sized front hooves. A dressage rider once confirmed this connection. As her horse moved up the levels in dressage his hooves became more even in size and shape.

Before the trim:

An equine’s stance can make the hooves look more uneven than they actually are. I have frequently taken legs that are base narrow on horses with wide chests and set them so the horse is standing more squarely. It will make the hooves look comparatively normal and shows what even load looks like. If such a horse would consistently travel correctly, the hoof form would also be more balanced side to side with less flaring tendencies.

After the trim and with legs placed in an aligned position in relation to the body:

In general, small hoof imbalances should not be cause for great concern if they are managed in a timely and consistent manner. FortunatelyEasyCareoffers many products in several sizes to offer a good, functional fit even if hooves vary in size and shape.

– Guest HCP, Ute Philippi,Balanced Step

(最初發表於2013年3月25日)